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Open Access Article

International Journal of Internal Medicine. 2021; 2: (1) ; 5-8 ; DOI: 10.12208/j. ijim.20210002.

Influence of psychological nursing on mental state and quality of life of elderly patients with cataract surgery
心理护理对白内障手术老年患者心理状态及生活质量的影响探析

作者: 肖婷*,

华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院 湖北武汉

*通讯作者: 肖婷,单位:华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院 湖北武汉;

发布时间: 2021-03-15 总浏览量: 48

摘要

目的 了解心理护理对于白内障术后病人的心理健康状况和生活品质产生的影响。方法 采用双盲随机法分2组,对80名老年白内障患者进行随访。对照组采用常规护理,实验组采用心理干预。比较两组护理前后焦虑自评量表评分、抑郁自评量表评分、生活质量得分、对工作满意度、手术时间、住院时间。结果 实验组的患者在心理状态的改善更显著,且患者满意度得到更明显的提高,生活质量也得到提升,手术时间、住院时间短,各方面跟对照组相比较,均存在明显差异。结论 对老年白内障手术病人在护理中注重其心理护理,能有效缓解病人的焦虑、抑郁、改善生活品质、减少手术、住院时间。

关键词: 心理护理;白内障手术;老年患者;心理状态;生活质量;影响

Abstract

Objective To understand the effect of psychological nursing on the mental health status and quality of life of patients after cataract surgery.
Methods Eighty senile cataract patients were followed up by double-blind randomization. The control group received routine nursing, and the experimental group received psychological intervention. The scores of self-rating anxiety scale, self-rating depression scale, quality of life, job satisfaction, operation time and hospitalization time were compared between the two groups before and after nursing.
Results The psychological state of the patients in the experimental group was improved more significantly, and the patient satisfaction was significantly improved, and the quality of life was also improved. Compared with the control group, there were significant differences in all aspects of operation time and hospital stay.
Conclusion   Paying attention to the psychological nursing of elderly cataract surgery patients can effectively relieve the anxiety and depression of the patients, improve the quality of life, and reduce the operation and hospitalization time.

Key words: Psychological nursing; Cataract surgery; Elderly patients; Mental state; Quality of life; Impact

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引用本文

肖婷, 心理护理对白内障手术老年患者心理状态及生活质量的影响探析[J]. 国际内科前沿杂志, 2021; 2: (1) : 5-8.